All posts by Cherie

Cherie Koch’s paternal great-grandfather came to America in the mid 1800’s as Swiss settlers in the prairies of Wisconsin. His father was Jacob Koch, and grandfather was Jacob Koch, and great grandfather was Jacob Koch. The family’s legacy is reflected in a family book entitled, “From Switzerland: the Jacob and Anna Koch family : farmers of souls : a legacy in teaching, farming, and the ministry”. My great-great grandparents had eleven children and seven of them were ministers, even a female who pastored three churches. There are ministers and Bible theologians all over the family. This is just on her father’s side…her mother’s side is full of them also!) Cherie believes from her research that her Swiss ancestors are from the tribe of Issachar. Since the female may inherit if there are no male heirs (Num. 27), she shares this spiritual inheritance and interest with her son, Anthony. Anthony also contributes to this blog.

Covenants in the Scriptures

What is a covenant?  It is a legal term of art and, the Bible is a legal document, of course.  A covenant is an agreement, contract, or promise between two individuals that constitutes a pledge to do or refrain from doing something. The individual making the promise or agreement is known as the covenantor, and the individual to whom such promise is made is called the covenantee.

The Hebrew word for covenant is בְּרִית (pron. (ber-eet’). The latin word for covenant is testament. The Bible contains both the old and the new testaments, or covenants. A covenant may be conditioned unilaterally or be conditioned upon mutual promises.

If asked, what would you say is your covenant with the Creator?


Lost Tribes Speech, by Steven M. Collins

Many have failed to find the “lost” ten tribes of Israel because they incorrectly used a “minimalist” approach to the subject. God promised to multiply the population of the ten tribes after they went into exile (Hosea 1:10) and God stated that he had no intention of forsaking them (Jeremiah 51:5) during their exile. The Bible also contains specific clues which enable us to identify the migrating ten tribes throughout history and in the modern world!

There is also much evidence from secular historians about them during their migrations. You can, for free, access an overview of the information contained in my books about the ten tribes’ history by listening to the audio messages linked below. They cite both biblical and secular sources which you can confirm on your own. Those who wish to learn more can order my books to examine the extensive (but overlooked) evidence on this subject.


Click below to listen to Steven M. Collins re the Lost Ten Tribes and other historical information of great interest!

Ten Tribes Part 1

Ten Tribes Part 2


The Seven-Day Week and the Meanings of the Names of the Days



The Seven-Day Week


The Naming of the Days

The Greeks named the days week after the sun, the moon and the five known planets, which were in turn named after the gods Ares, Hermes, Zeus, Aphrodite, and Cronus. The Greeks called the days of the week the Theon hemerai “days of the Gods”. The Romans substituted their equivalent gods for the Greek gods, Mars, Mercury, Jove (Jupiter), Venus, and Saturn. (The two pantheons are very similar.) The Germanic peoples generally substituted roughly similar gods for the Roman gods, Tiu (Twia), Woden, Thor, Freya (Fria), but did not substitute Saturn.

Sunday — Sun’s day

Middle English sone(n)day or sun(nen)day
Old English sunnandæg “day of the sun”
Germanic sunnon-dagaz “day of the sun”
Latin dies solis “day of the sun”
Ancient Greek hemera heli(o)u, “day of the sun”

Monday — Moon’s day

Middle English monday or mone(n)day
Old English mon(an)dæg “day of the moon”
Latin dies lunae “day of the moon”
Ancient Greek hemera selenes “day of the moon”

Tuesday — Tiu’s day

Middle English tiwesday or tewesday
Old English tiwesdæg “Tiw’s (Tiu’s) day”
Latin dies Martis “day of Mars”
Ancient Greek hemera Areos “day of Ares”

Tiu (Twia) is the English/Germanic god of war and the sky. He is identified with the Norse god Tyr.

Mars is the Roman god of war.

Ares is the Greek god of war.

Wednesday — Woden’s day

Middle English wodnesday, wednesday, or wednesdai
Old English wodnesdæg “Woden’s day”
Latin dies Mercurii “day of Mercury”
Ancient Greek hemera Hermu “day of Hermes”

Woden is the chief Anglo-Saxon/Teutonic god. Woden is the leader of the Wild Hunt. Woden is from wod “violently insane” + –en “headship”. He is identified with the Norse Odin.

Mercury is the Roman god of commerce, travel, theivery, eloquence and science. He is the messenger of the other gods.

Hermes is the Greek god of commerce, invention, cunning, and theft. He is the messenger and herald of the other gods. He serves as patron of travelers and rogues, and as the conductor of the dead to Hades.

Thursday — Thor’s day

Middle English thur(e)sday
Old English thursdæg
Old Norse thorsdagr “Thor’s day”
Old English thunresdæg “thunder’s day”
Latin dies Jovis “day of Jupiter”
Ancient Greek hemera Dios “day of Zeus”.

Thor is the Norse god of thunder. He is represented as riding a chariot drawn by goats and wielding the hammer Miölnir. He is the defender of the Aesir, destined to kill and be killed by the Midgard Serpent.

Jupiter (Jove) is the supreme Roman god and patron of the Roman state. He is noted for creating thunder and lightning.

Zeus is Greek god of the heavens and the supreme Greek god.

Friday — Freya’s day

Middle English fridai
Old English frigedæg “Freya’s day”
composed of Frige (genetive singular of Freo) + dæg “day” (most likely)
or composed of Frig “Frigg” + dæg “day” (least likely)
Germanic frije-dagaz “Freya’s (or Frigg’s) day”
Latin dies Veneris “Venus’s day”
Ancient Greek hemera Aphrodites “day of Aphrodite”

Freo is identical with freo, meaning free. It is from the Germanic frijaz meaning “beloved, belonging to the loved ones, not in bondage, free”.

Freya (Fria) is the Teutonic goddess of love, beauty, and fecundity (prolific procreation). She is identified with the Norse god Freya. She is leader of the Valkyries and one of the Vanir. She is confused in Germany with Frigg.

Frigg (Frigga) is the Teutonic goddess of clouds, the sky, and conjugal (married) love. She is identified with Frigg, the Norse goddess of love and the heavens and the wife of Odin. She is one of the Aesir. She is confused in Germany with Freya.

Venus is the Roman goddess of love and beauty.

Aphrodite (Cytherea) is the Greek goddess of love and beauty.

Saturday — Saturn’s day

Middle English saterday
Old English sæter(nes)dæg “Saturn’s day”
Latin dies Saturni “day of Saturn”
Ancient Greek hemera Khronu “day of Cronus”

Saturn is the Roman and Italic god of agriculture and the consort of Ops. He is believed to have ruled the earth during an age of happiness and virtue.

Cronus (Kronos, Cronos) is the Greek god (Titan) who ruled the universe until dethroned by his son Zeus.

Did you know that you are at a Crossroads right now? What should you do?

“Stand at the crossroads and look; ask for the ancient paths, ask where the good way is, and walk in it, and you will find rest for your souls…” (YirmiYahu/Jeremiah 6:16)


There are times in one’s life
When light seems like darkness
You tread upon it
Thinking you’re in the dark

There are times in one’s life
When darkness seems like light
You tread upon it
Thinking you’re in the light

There are times in one ‘s life
When light seems like darkness
And darkness seems like light

Then you need to think twice
Because you are at a crossroad
And the decision you take
Might make or mar your life

Adesewa Oyinkansola

Did you know that you are in a time of decision?  Right now, there is space to repent, however, one day there will be no more time to turn.

“Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the Yahuah is near in the valley of decision. The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.”  Joel 3:14-15

 One of the plagues of Egypt was a darkness over the land. It was a “darkness that could be felt.”  I imagine that the day of Yahuah will be like that…all of the light will be withdrawn from the heavenly bodies. At that time, there will only be impending judgment, and no space to repent.

John 3:3 “Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

If you are at the “Valley of Decision” right now, what decisions should you be making? One decision, of course, is to enter into the contract offered by Yahuah (God), the New Covenant in the Blood of Yahshuah (Jesus; Yahshuah means “Savior” in Hebrew and is “Jesus'” real name).  We have been offered the opportunity to exchange our life of sin, curse, disease, etc. for Yahshuah’s LIFE, which is eternal life, both in quality of life and length of duration. This life is a free gift, by simply asking for it right now:

Father in Heaven, I receive your gift of eternal life through the blood of your Son when He died on the stake for me, and I give you the reigns of my life to make me what you have purposed me to be before the foundation of the world. Have your way in my life, on your terms, and I dedicate it to your service. Lead me in the path of everlasting life; show me through your Set-Apart Spirit what I am to do from now until I am safe in your arms, in your Kingdom. Amein. 


He promises to write his law upon your heart, and to remember your sin no more!  You are born again, as John Chapter 3 of the Scriptures speaks about!

But He answered and said, “It is written, ‘MAN SHALL NOT LIVE ON BREAD ALONE, BUT ON EVERY WORD THAT PROCEEDS OUT OF THE MOUTH OF GOD.'” Mathew 4:4; Deuteronomy 8:3

However, there are many believers who are already born-again and sitting in churches around the world who are also at a Crossroads. They are content to listen to the “Pulpiteers” week after week preach the same old stale messages.  It is like accepting regurgitated food that someone else has chewed, or feeding upon a constant diet of Gummy Bears! That is certainly not a very healthy diet to sustain life. But most sermons in churches are watered down, because most people will not dress up, come to church, and give their money if they were actually confronted with TRUTH!

The pastors of the Christian Corporations need money to perpetuate and propagate their Ministries (capital “M”, because their Ministry is their idol). They need greater salaries, more staff, larger buildings, and greater “outreach”. christian_mega_churchTruth is counter to their agenda, unless it is soft-peddled truth.  Pastors of the Christian Corporations know that their members would stiffen their necks if they were not careful with their sermons and their words. Instead of leading the sheep, the sheep herd the pastor where they want him to go.

Most believers in the “Christian denominations” are content to live by church programs, projects, and a constant feasting upon Televangelist Superstar conferences to tell them what God is doing in the world. If the pastor says that something is true or untrue, they blindly follow. They do not regularly search the scriptures to confirm whether it is so.  As Yahshua said in Mark 7:8, “For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men…”

BE A BEREAN: "And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went into the synagogue of the Jews. These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so."
BE A BEREAN: “And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went into the synagogue of the Jews. These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.”

Instead of following after the traditions of men,  we have been given the deposit of the Set-Apart Spirit of Elohim (God) to lead us into all truth and be our Teacher. It is His Spirit that takes the written word of the Scriptures and lifts it off the page, making it come alive in us, being mixed with faith.

The Apostle John said, “But the anointing which you have received of him abides in you, and you need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teaches you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, you shall abide in him.” 2 John 2:27

The anointing of His Set Apart Spirit is likened unto oil in the Word, and we are to be as wise virgins who are waiting for their bridegroom with lamp pots full of oil. virgins-oilAny unwise virgin–who must go and seek oil at the last minute– risks missing the Bridegroom (Yahshua) when he comes. In other words, you cannot quickly catch up if you have been walking your own path and have not been following the Set Apart Spirit by hearing and obeying over a period of time. This precious oil does not come via instantaneous, effortless “download”. The only way to have oil in your lamp is to spend time reading the scriptures for yourself, seek truth, knock on the doors, ask and keep asking the Set-Apart Spirit to show you what is on the Father’s heart. You have to have RELATIONSHIP, and truly have ears to hear what the Spirit is saying. Then, you need to obey what He says to do. Hear, Obey. Hear, Obey.

ancient_pathStand at the crossroads and look; ask for the ancient paths, ask where the good way is, and walk in it, and you will find rest for your souls…” (YirmiYahu/Jeremiah 6:16)

 So, what are you to do?  Dissect the scripture above, and you will see action verbs which tell you what you must do:

Stand. Look. Ask. Ask again. Walk. Find.

Have you asked for the ancient paths?  Have you asked Him where the good way is?  OR, are you just waiting for the latest tingle of goose bumps and affirmation from your denomination’s premier teacher or prophet? Have you done the work required to “hear” from God all by yourself?

The ancient paths are already established, so you need to look back and study history. You need to study the “Old Testament” (Tanach) as well as the “New”. The book of Genesis, for example, is a valuable template. You won’t understand anything in scripture without understanding Genesis.

You need to set aside all your own doctrines that you have collected from men, and look and see what the Scriptures really say. If you have to have a denominational label around your neck to feel affirmed in what you believe, you will never make it in the wilderness journey. If you only feel comfortable in the collective or within the range of the societal norm, you will not make it on the Narrow Path that Leads Unto Life. (Remember, it is the broad road that leads to destruction… many travel upon it.) 


You will have to learn to READ all over again.  That’s what I said. You will have to learn to READ all over again. You would be surprised at how much scripture you actually “jump over” because you’ve been trained to ignore it. You will need to READ what is there and work with it at face value. That means, sometimes, you will need to ASK Father what it means and then put it on a shelf until you get an answer. He is faithful. After all, He is leading you and you are not leading yourself!

Father is calling out a remnant from among the people. Father always preserves a tenth or tithe for himself. These are devoted things, vessels that are chosen and not common, and are fit for the Master’s use. Reading this now makes you accountable. You are at a Crossroads!   It is dangerous for you to hear what is required and turn back to your old ways and the traditions of men. 

The remnant believers follow the Lamb wherever He goes. They have ears to hear what the Spirit says. They are Repairers of the Breach… the restorers of ancient paths to dwell on:


Isaiah 58

And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.

If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of Yahuah, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words:

Then shalt thou delight thyself in Yahuah; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of Yahuah hath spoken it.  [Selah.]

You might be wondering, if you are asking me to leave my normal church experience behind, and to follow what is true Truth, what does that look like?  What is it that is true? I can’t understand what I’ll be doing differently if you don’t give me a glimpse of what you say is the proper path.

I will give you a hint what some of the restoration is about, from the book of Daniel when he speaks of this time in history:

“And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time. But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end. And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.”  Daniel 7:25-27

The repairers of the Breach will restore God’s LAW and His CALENDAR.  The Calendar and Law you follow reveals THE DEITY you worship. The final struggle depicted in Daniel 7 is about WORSHIP. There will be great pressure and persecution in the end times to conform to the Romish, Luciferian counterfeit worship, calendar and civil law which is at odds with the Creator’s law and calendar.

As part of the process of returning us to the land from the four corners of the earth where he has scattered us, He will purge the rebels from our midst, and will cull a tithe from the people. He will cause us to be a Sovereign people who are no longer chattel of the Beast System, and no longer follow “Romish law” or a “Romish calendar”. We will follow His calendar which is in the heavenlies, and by which we can calculate the feast days from any place on the earth.


If your “church” is not working on restoration of the luni-solar calendar which is Father’s calendar in the heavenlies, restoration of scriptural law, the purging of all the pagan feast days, and restoration of Yahuah’s feasts and appointments, then your church is part of the problem and is stagnant and idolatrous.  You cannot serve two masters… and straddle two worlds. You will love one and hate the other.

Please do not sit on the fence!

A Donkey Protects the Sheep!

“Issachar is a strong ass, couching down between the sheepfolds (burdens). And he saw the rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed the shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.” Genesis 49:12-13

Issachar's Land Grant.
Issachar’s Land Grant.

There are many things to dissect from this passage. The land grant for Issachar was in the region of the the plains of Jezreel, bordering the Jordan river and near the sea of Galilee to the northeast. This is a very temperate land, and very fertile for farming and raising livestock (except for all the surrounding enemies of Israel who invaded them incessantly.) Issacharians are connected with the land, and seem to have a desire to farm.  Speculation exists that Issachar was involved in the production of produce for the entire nation of Israel. Even though Issachar is a humble leader and is very scholarly and ‘nerdy’, he is also a farmer. He saw that the land was pleasant, perhaps speaking of Issachar’s land grant?

Issachar is a bondservant to the other tribes in many ways. He is a humble leader and even mediator between them, a leader that is not in it for “show”, but for results, even if in the background. He knows what Israel ought to do, as he has understanding of the times, seasons and signs in the heavens.  Issachar won’t rest until he has fully protected the flocks and binds them together. Issachar has a burden for the House of Israel and the House of Judah coming together in the last days.

The Sun, Moon and Stars: Issachar's Banner.
The Sun, Moon and Stars: Issachar’s Banner.

To quote Mona Hyde Couch, who gave permission to use her Issachar standard (banner):

“Issachar is one of the four main Tribes (at present and in the future) that will play a big part in gathering and taking them home (The Return),

Issachar’s sign in the Mazzaroth is Cancer, or “Messiah’s Redeemed Possession Held Fast!”


No Flesh Shall Glory

1996 began the last Jubilee period of 50 years and was also the timing of the release of the House of Israel from judgment for her backsliding.  I had no idea of what was going to take place in the next decades after this when I received this Word, and no knowledge of using Father’s or Messiah’s Hebrew names. I was still in the denominations of the “Church”… which is NOT the same as the ecclesia” summoned or called out assembly.” This word was given to me in 1997:


“Hear the word of the Lord: People of God, this is the hour that I have waited for–the hour when I will perfect that which I have carefully planned and built. Take heed, therefore, not to build in this hour upon a false foundation. It shall fall as it is going up. Yes, I will not delay or hesitate in this hour to cut down the filthy and rotting religious places in your midst which raise themselves up against Me in defiance. They are nothing but decay. They shall crumble instantly before Me, says the Lord. They are nothing.

But before I destroy the great harlot, I will root out unfaithfulness in my people. No longer will my chosen ones stumble–I will heal their backsliding. They shall be mighty in the land and will execute everything I tell them, says the Spirit. I have put them high upon a Rock, they will stand and will bear fruit for Me in this hour. Hear what the Spirit says. Have an ear to hear.” Given October 5,1997. 11:20 a.m.

Related Scriptures:

“It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh profits nothing. (The words that I speak are spirit, and they are life) John 6:63

“Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?” Galatians 3:2

“The world hates me because I testify of it that its works are evil”.

“Cursed is the man who trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the Lord.” Jeremiah 17:5 [Blessed is the man who trusteth in the Lord, and whose hope is in the Lord. For he shall be like a tree planted by the waters, which spreads out its roots by the river, and will not fear when heat comes; but its leaf will be green, and will not be anxious in the year of drought, nor will cease from yielding fruit. The heart is deceitful above all things and desperately wicked; who can know it? I, the Lord, search the heart, I test the mind, even to give every man according to his ways, according to the fruit of his doings.”

“Now the works of the flesh are evident, which are: adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lewdness, idolatry, sorcery, hatred, contentions, jealousies, outbursts of wrath, selfish ambitions, dissensions, heresies, envy, murders, drunkenness, revelries, and the like: of which I tell you that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.” Galatians 5:19-21

“But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law. Galatians 5:22-23

Zechariah 1:3; 2:7 (“Up, Zion! Escape, you who dwell with the daughter of Babylon”).

Zechariah 2:13 (“Be silent, all flesh, before the Lord, for He is aroused from His holy habitation”).

1 Samuel 12:21 (And do not turn aside; for then you would go after empty things which cannot profit or deliver, for they are nothing). Idols/trusting in the flesh profits nothing.

Ezekiel 14:4 “Thus says the Lord God: “Everyone of the house of Israel who sets up his idols in his heart, and puts before him what causes him to stumble into iniquity, and then comes to the prophet, I the Lord will answer him who comes according to the multitude of his idols, that I may seize the house of Israel by their heart, because they are all estranged from Me by their idols.” “Therefore, say to the house of Israel, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: Repent, turn away from your idols, and turn your faces away from all your abominations.'”

Jeremiah 17:5 “Cursed is the man who trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the Lord.” [Blessed is the man who trusts in the Lord, and whose hope is in the Lord. For he shall be like a tree planted by the waters, which spreads out its roots by the river, and will not fear when heat comes; but its leaf will be green, and will not be anxious in the year of drought, nor will cease from yielding fruit. The heart is deceitful above all things and desperately wicked; who can know it? I, the Lord, search the heart, I test the mind, even to give every man according to his ways, according to the fruit of his doings.”

Zechariah 2:7 “Up, Zion! Escape, you who dwell with the daughter of Babylon”.

Revelation 18:2-6 “And he [the angel] cried mightily with a loud voice, saying, ‘Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and has become a dwelling place of demons, a prison for every foul spirit, and a cage for every unclean and hated bird! For all the nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth have become rich through the abundance of luxury.’ And I heard another voice from heaven saying, ‘Come out of her, my people, lest you share in her sins, and lest you receive of her plagues. For her sins have reached to heaven and God has remembered her iniquities. [Command to the people of God-] Render to her just as she rendered to you, and repay her double according to her works; in the cup which she has mixed, mix double for her.”

Revelation 19: “The kings of the earth who committed fornication and lived luxuriously with her will weep and lament for her, when they see the smoke of her burning, standing at a distance for fear of her torment, saying, ‘Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! For in one hour your judgment has come.'”

The Constellation of Cancer by E. W. Bullinger

The Witness of the Stars
E. W. Bullinger

The Third Book
The Redeemer
(His Second Coming)
“The glory that should follow”

Chapter III
The Sign Cancer (The Crab)
Messiah’s redeemed possession held fast

35. Cancer (the Crab)

Issachar's Sign of Cancer: The Greater and Lesser Sheepfolds
Issachar’s Sign of Cancer: The Greater and Lesser Sheepfolds

With regard to the sign of CANCER, one thing is certain, that we have not got the original picture, or anything like it.

It does not agree with the names either of its three constellations which have come down to us, or of its stars.

In the ancient Denderah Zodiac it is represented as a Scarabaeus, or sacred beetle. * In the Zodiac of Esneh and in a Hindu Zodiac (400 BC) it is the same.

* The Scarabaeus, passing its early existence as a worm of the earth, and thence issuing as a winged denizen of heaven, was held sacred by the Egyptians as an emblem of the resurrection of the body.

According to the Greeks, Jupiter placed this Crab amongst the signs of the Zodiac.

In Sir William Jones’s Oriental Zodiac we meet with a crab, and an Egyptian Zodiac found at Rome bears also the crab in this sign.

The more ancient Egyptians placed Hermanubis, or Hermes, with the head of an ibis or hawk, as the symbol of the sign now allotted to CANCER.

The Denderah name is Klaria, or the cattle-folds, and in this name we have the key to the meaning of the sign, and to the subject of this chapter.

The Arabic name is Al Sartan, which means who holds or binds, and may be from the Hebrew to bind together (Gen 49:11). There is no ancient Hebrew word known for the crab. It was classed with many other unclean creatues, and would be included in the general term “vermin.”

The Syriac, Sartano, means the same. The Greek name is Karkinos, which means holding or encircling, as does the Latin, Cancer, and hence is applied to the crab. In the word Khan, we have the traveller’s rest or inn; while Ker or Cer is the Arabic for encircling. The ancient Akkadian name of the month is Su-kul-na, the seizer or possessor of seed.

The sign contains 83 stars, one of which is of the 3rd magnitude, and seven are of the 4th magnitude, and the remainder of inferior magnitudes.

In the centre of the Sign there is a remarkably bright cluster of stars, so bright that they can be sometimes seen with the naked eye. It looks like a comet, and is made up of a great multitude of stars. Modern astronomers have called it the Beehive. But its ancient name has come down to us as Praesepe, which means a multitude, offspring.

The brightest star, z (in the tail), is called Tegmine, holding. The star a (or a1 and a2), in the lower large claw, is called Acubene, which, in Hebrew and Arabic, means the sheltering or hiding-place. Another is named Ma’alaph (Arabic), assembled thousands; Al Himarein (Arabic), the kids or lambs.

North and south of the nebula Praesepe are two stars, which Orientalists speak of by a name evidently of some antiquity. Asellus means an Ass, and one was called Asellus Boreas, the northern Ass; while the other, Asellus Australis, is the southern Ass. *

* The Ass was the emblem of Typhon, the king who smites or is smitten.

This connects it with the Tribe of Issachar, who is said to have borne upon the Tribal standard the sign oftwo asses.

This is doubtless the reference in Jacob’s blessing (Gen 49:11, RV):

“Issachar is a strong ass,
Couching down between the sheepfolds;
And he saw a resting-place that it was good;
And the land that it was pleasant;
And he bowed his shoulder to bear,
And became a servant under task work.”

Have we not here the gathering up of the teaching of this sign–

Messiah’s redeemed possessions held fast.

Here we come to the completion of His work. In CANCER we see it with reference to His redeemed, and in the next (the last) Sign, LEO, with reference to His enemies.

The three constellations develop the truth. What is now called Ursa Minor is the Lesser Flock; Ursa Major gives us The Sheepfold and the Sheep; while Argo, The Ship, shows the travellers and the pilgrims brought safely home–all conflict over.

To accomplish this, we see the true Issachar bowing his shoulder to bear. He could say, “My soul is bowed down” (Psa 57:6). He became a servant, and humbled Himself to death. He undertook the mighty task of saving His people from their sins. “Their Redeemer is strong” (Jer 50:34); for help was laid on “One that was mighty” (Psa 89:19). And His redeemed shall come to a resting-place that is good, and to a land that is pleasant. No earthly Khan on earth affords them a home. They look for a heavenly home, and in the many mansions of the Father’s house they shall find eternal rest.

Here we see that sheltering home to which the names of these stars point; where the assembled thousands (Ma’alaph) shall be received into the true Klaria, even the “everlasting habitations.”

These are now to be shown to us.

1. URSA MINOR (The Little Bear)
The lesser sheepfold

36. Ursa Minor (the Little Bear)

Here we come to another grievous mistake, or ignorant perversion of primitive truth, as shown in the ancient names of these two constellations.

It is sufficient to point to the fact that no Bear is found in any Chaldean, Egyptian, Persian, or Indian Zodiacs, and that no bear was ever seen with such a tail! No one who had ever seen a bear would have called attention to a tail, such as no bear ever had, by placing in its very tip the most important, wondrous, and mysterious Polar Star, the central star of the heavens, round which all others revolve. The patriarchal astronomers, we may be sure, committed no such folly as this.

The primitive truth that there were two, or a pair of constellations is preserved; and that of these two, one is larger, and the other smaller. But what were they? We have the clue to the answer in the name of the brightest star of the larger constellation, which is called Dubheh. Now Dubheh means a herd of animals. In Arabic, Dubah means cattle. In Hebrew, Dohver, is a fold; and hence in Chaldee it meant wealth. The Hebrew Dohveh, means rest or security; and certainly there is not much of either to be found or enjoyed with bears! The word occurs in Deuteronomy 33:25 “As thy days so shall thy strength be.” The Revised Version gives in the margin, “So shall thy rest or security be.” This accords with what we have already seen under CANCER: “Couching down between the sheepfolds, he saw a resting-place that it was good.”

Here are the two Sheepfolds, then; the Greater fold, and Lesser; and here is the rest and security which the flocks will find therein.

But in Hebrew there is a word very similar in sound, though not in spelling–dohv, which means a bear! So we find in Arabic dub; Persian, deeb and dob. We can see, therefore, how the Hebrew Dohver, a fold, and Dohv, a bear, were confused; and how the Arabic Dubah, cattle, might easily have been mistaken by the Greeks, and understood as a bear.

The constellation, which we must therefore call THE LESSER SHEEPFOLD, contains 24 stars, viz., one of the 2nd magnitude, two of the 3rd, four of the 4th, etc.

The brightest star, a (at the point of the tail), is the most important in the whole heavens. It is named Al Ruccaba, which means the turned or ridden on, and is today the Polar or central star, which does not revolve in a circle as does every other star, but remains, apparently, fixed in its position. But though the star does not revolve like the others, the central point in the heavens is very slowly but steadily moving. When these constellations were formed the Dragon possessed this important point, and the star a, inDraco, marked this central point. But, by its gradual recession, that point is sufficiently near this starRuccaba, in the Lesser Sheepfold, for it to be what is called “the Polar Star.” But, how could this have been known five or six thousand years ago? How could it have been known when it received its name, which means the turned or ridden on? That it was known is clear: so likewise was it made known in the written Word that the original blessing included not merely the multiplicaiton of the seed of faithful Abraham, but it was then added, “And thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies” (Gen 22:17).

This star was called by the Greeks the “Cynosure.” ARATUS seems to apply this term to the whole of the seven stars of the Lesser Bear. Mr. Robert Brown, Jr., shows that this word once supposed to be Hellenic, is non-Hellenic, and possibly Euphratean in origin, from a word which he transliterates An-nas-sur-ra, and renders it, “as it literally means, high in rising, i.e., in heavenly position.” (Euphratean Stellar Researches). Is not this the primitve truth of the Revelation? Will not this Lesser Fold be high, yea, the highest in heavenly position?

The Polar Star has been removed from the Dragon, and is now in the Lesser Fold; and when the Dragon shall be cast down from the heavens, the heavenly seed will be safely folded there. But this is the Lesser Sheepfold. These are they who all through the ages have been “partakers of the heavenly calling,” who desired a better country, that is, a heavenly; wherefore God “hath prepared for them a city,” the city for which Abraham himself “looked.” This was no earthly city, but a city “whose builder and maker is God” (Heb 11:10-16). These have always been a smaller company, a “little flock,” but the kingdom shall be theirs, even the kingdom of God, for which they now look and wait. They have not yet “received the promises; but, having seen them afar off” by faith, they “were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth” (Heb 11:13). Their Messiah has accomplished “the redemption of the purchased possession,” and in due time the redeemed will inherit it, “unto the praise of His glory” (Eph 1:13).

The bright star b is named Kochab, which means waiting Him who cometh. Other stars are named Al Pherdadain (Arabic), which means the calves, or the young (as in Deut 22:6), the redeemed assembly. Another, Al Gedi, means the kid. Another is Al Kaid, the assembled; while Arcas, or Arctos (from which we derive the term Arctic regions), means, according to one interpreter, a travelling company; or, according to another, the stronghold of the saved.

But there is not only the heavenly seed, which is compared “to the stars of heaven,” but there is the seed that is compared to “the sand of the sea”–the larger flock or company, who will enjoy the earthly blessing.

This brings us to–

2. URSA MAJOR (The Great Bear)
The fold and the flock

37. Ursa Major (the Great Bear)

Of these it is written–

“But in Mount Zion there shall be those that escape,
And it shall be holy:
And the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions.”
Obadiah 17-19, RV

It is a large and important constellation, containing 87 stars, of which one is of the 1st magnitude, four of the 2nd, three of the 3rd, ten of the 4th, etc. It always presents a splendid appearance, and is perhaps, therefore, the best known of all the constellations.

In the Book of Job (9:9, and 38:31,32) it is mentioned under the name of Ash. “Canst thou guide Ash and her offspring?” which is rendered in the AV, “Arcturus and his sons,” and in the RV, “The Bear with her train” (marg., “sons”). The Arabs still call it Al Naish, or Annaish, the assembled together, as sheep in a fold. The ancient Jewish commentators interpreted Ash as the seven stars of this constellation. They are called by others Septentriones, which thus became the Latin word for North.

The brightest star, a (in the back), is named Dubhe, which, as we have seen, means a herd of animals, or a flock, and gives its name to the whole constellation.

The star b (below it) is named Merach (Hebrew), the flock (Arabic, purchased).

The star g (on the left of b) is called Phaeda, or Phacda, meaning visited, guarded, or numbered, as a flock; for His sheep, like the stars, are both numbered and named. (See Psalm 147:4)

The star e is called Alioth, a name we have had in Auriga, meaning a she goat.

The star z (in the middle of the tail) is called Mizar, separate or small, and close to it Al Cor, the Lamb.

The star h (at the end of the so-called tail) is named Benet Naish (Arabic), the daughters of the assembly. It is also called Al Kaid, the assembled.

The star i (in its right foot) is called Talitha.

The names of other stars all give the same testimony: El Alcola (Arabic), the sheepfold (as in Psa 95:7; and 100:3); Cab’d al Asad, multitude, many assembled; Annaish, the assembled; Megrez, separated, as the flock in the fold; El Kaphrah, protected, covered (Heb. redeemed and ransomed); Dubheh Lachar (Arabic), the latter herd or flock; Helike (so called by HOMER in the Iliad), company of travellers; Amaza (Greek), coming and going; Calisto, the sheepfold set or appointed.

There is not one discordant voice in the rich abundance of this testimony. We have nothing to do here with the Grecian myths about bears or wild boars. We see only the innumeralbe seed gathered by Him whoscattered (Jer 31:10).

Many are the Scriptures we might quote which speak of this gathering and assembling of the long scatterd flock. It is written as plainly in the Book, as it is in the heavens. The prophecies of this gathering are as conspicuous in the Word of God as the “Seven Stars” in the sky. It is difficult even to make a selection from the wealth of such promises; but few are more beautiful than that in Ezekiel 34:12-16:

“As a shepherd seeketh out his flock
In the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered;
So will I seek out my sheep,
And will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day.
And I will bring them out from the people,
And gather them from the countries,
And will bring them to their own land,
And feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers
And in all the inhabited places of the country.
I will feed them in a good pasture,
And upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be:
There shall they lie in a good fold,
And in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel.
I will feed my flock,
And I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord GOD (Adonai Jehovah).
I will seek that which was lost,
And bring again that which was driven away,
And will bind up that which was broken,
And will strengthen that which was sick:
But I will destroy the fat and the strong;
I will feed them with judgment.”

It is of this judgment with which this book, and indeed the whole Revelation, ends, in the next and final chapter.

But before we come to that we have one more picture in the third constellation of this Sign, which combines the first two in one.

3. ARGO (The Ship)
The pilgrims safe at home

38. Argo (the Ship)

This is the celebrated ship of the Argonauts, of which HOMER sung nearly ten centuries before Christ. Sir Isaac Newton puts the expedition of the Argonauts shortly after the death of Solomon (about 975 BC). While Dr. Blair’s chronology puts it at 1236 BC.

Whatever fables have gathered round the story there can be no doubt as to its great antiquity. Some think that the story had its origin in name, as well as in fact, from the Ark of Noah and its mysterious journey. All that is clear, when divested of mythic details, is that the sailors in that ship, after all their dangers, and toils, and battles were over, came back victorious to their own shores. The “golden fleece,” for which the Argonauts went in search, tells of a treasure that had been lost. “Jason,” the great captain, tells of Him who recovered it from the Serpent, which guarded it with ever-watchful eye, when none else was able to approach it. And thus, through the fables and myths of the Greeks, we can see the light primeval shine; and this light, once seen, lights up this Sign and its constellations, so that their teaching cannot be misunderstood.

ARATUS sings of Argo:

“Stern-foremost hauled; no mark of onward-speeding ship.
Sternward she comes, as vessels do
When sailors turn the helm
On entering harbour: all the oars back-water,
And gliding backward, to an anchor comes.”

It tells of that blessed home-coming, when–

“The ransomed of the LORD shall return
And come to Zion with songs,
And everlasting joy upon their heads;
They shall obtain joy and gladness,
And sorrow and sighing shall flee away.”
Isaiah 35:10

It tells of the glorious Jason (the Graeco-Judean equivalent of Joshua or Jesus), of whom it is asked:

“Art thou not it which hath cut Rahab,
And wounded the dragon?
Art thou not it which hath dried the sea, the waters of the great deep;
That hath made the depths of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over?
Therefore the redeemed of the LORD shall return,
And come with singing unto Zion,” etc.
Isaiah 51:9-11

“For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob,
And ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he.
Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion,
And shall flow together to the goodness of the LORD.”
Jeremiah 31:11, 12

This is the return of the great emigrant-ship (Argo) and all its company of travellers (for this is the meaning of the word Argo).

In Kircher’s Egyptian Planisphere Argo, is represented by two galleys (as we have two sheepfolds), whose prows are surmounted by rams’ heads; and the stern of one of them ends in a fish’s tail. One of the two occupies four segments of the sphere (from TAURUS to VIRGO), while the other occupies the four from LEO to CAPRICORNUS. One half of the southern meridians is occupied with these galleys and their construction and decoratons. Astronomers tell us that they carry us back, the one to the period when the Bull opened the year (to which time VIRGIL refers); and the other to the same epoch, when the summer solstice was in LEO–“an era greatly antecedent to the Argonautic expedition. How else, they ask, do we account for the one ship having her prow in the first Decan of TAURUS, and her poop in the last decan of LEO? or for one galley being freighted with the installed Bull, and the other with the solstitialLion?” (Jamieson’s Scientific Display, &c.)

These are the words of an astronomer who knows nothing whatever of our interpretation of the heavens which is set forth in this work.

It will indeed be a large vessel, the true Argo, with its company of travellers, “a great multitude which no man can number.” All this is indicated by the immense size of the constellation, as well as by the large number of its stars. There are 64 stars in Argo (reckoning by the Britannic catalogue); one of the 1st magnitude, six of the 2nd, nine of the 3rd, nine of the 4th, etc. Only a small part of the ship’s poop is visible in Britain.

Its brightest star, a (near the keel), is called Canopus or Canobus, which means the possession of Him who cometh. Other star-names are–Sephina, the multitude or abundance; Tureis, the possession; Asmidiska, the released who travel; Soheil (Arabic), the desired; and Subilon, the Brach.

Is not all this exactly in harmony with the rest of this sign? And is not this what is written in the Book?

“Therefore, fear thou not, O My servant Jacob, saith the LORD;
Neither be dismayed, O Israel:
For, lo, I will save thee from afar,
And thy seed from the land of their captivity;
And Jacob shall return and be in rest,
And be quiet, and none shall make him afraid,
For I am with thee, saith the LORD, to save thee.”
Jeremiah 30:10, 11

“Lift up thine eyes round about, and see;
All they gather themselves together, they come to thee;
Thy sons shall come from far,
And thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side,
Then thou shalt see, and flow together,
And thine heart shall fear and be enlarged;
Because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee…
Who are these that fly as a cloud?
And as doves to their windows?
Surely the isles shall wait for me,
And the SHIPS of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far.”
Isaiah 60:4, 5, 8, 9

The whole chapter (Isa 60) should be read if we wish to understand the great teaching of this Sign, which tells of Messiah’s secured possessions, the safe folding of His blood-bought flock, the blessed return of His pilgrims, and their abundant entrance into everlasting rest.

“There is a blessed home
Beyond this land of woe,
Where trials never come,
Nor tears of sorrow flow;
Where faith is lost in sight,
And patient love is crowned,
And everlasting light
Its glory throws around.

O joy, all joys beyond,
To see the Lamb who died,
And count each sacred wound
In hands, and feet, and side;
To give to Him the praise
Of every triumph won,
And sing through endless days
The great things He hath done.

Look up, ye saints of God,
Nor fear to tread below
The path your Saviour trod
Of daily toil and woe;
Wait but a little while
In uncomplaining love,
His own most gracious smile
Shall welcome you above.”